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全球气候变化引起的预计人口增长以及土地和农业资源可利用性的压力使未来几十年全球粮食供应的需求增加。提高光合作用能力已成为实现作物增产的目标。目前,测量光合作用的方法是耗时的且具破坏性的,这会减慢鉴定具高光合能力的农作物种质的研究和育种工作。作者在1分钟内收集样地(~2 m×2 m)向阳叶片像素的高光谱反射率以量化光合作用参数和色素含量。在两个生长季节(2017年和2018年)利用田间生长的经基因改变了光合途径的烟草,建立了8个光合参数和色素性状的预测模型。利用偏最小二乘法(PLSR)分析可见近红外(400-900 nm)光谱相机测得的植物反射像素,预测了Rubisco最大羧化速率(Vc,max,R2=0.79)和最大电子传递速率(J1800,R2=0.59),最大光饱和光合作用(Pmax,R2=0.54),叶绿素含量(R2=0.87),叶绿素a/b(R2=0.63),碳含量(R2=0.47)和氮含量(R2=0.49)。当使用两台400-1800 nm相机时,模型的预测并没有改善,这表明仅使用一台VNIR相机就能实现强大,广泛适用且更具“成本效益”的效果。该分析过程和方法可用于所有作物中,从而提供高通量田间表型筛选,并在田间试验中提高光合性能。高光谱图像收集建立基于地面的表型平台(图1),包括两个推扫式高光谱相机。第一台高光谱相机(PIKA II;Resonon)用于采集400 nm到900 nm的光谱辐射(共240个光谱带)。第二台高光谱相机(PIKA NIR;Resonon)用于采集900 nm到1800 nm的光谱辐射(共164个光谱带)。图1 基于地面的表型平台,包括两个高光谱相机和一个RGB相机(A),并在冠层顶部安装了可移动的白板(B)。叶片光谱测量利用ASD Fieldspec4光谱仪在400...
发布时间: 2021 - 01 - 15
浏览次数:74
Ecosystem carbon (CO2 and CH4) fluxes of a Populus dettoides plantationin subtropical China during and post clear-cutting Shenghua Gao a, Jiquan Chen b, Yuxi Tang c, Jing Xie d, Rui Zhang e, Jie Tang c, Xudong Zhang a,*a State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and Breeding, Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, Chinab Center for Global Change and Earth Observations (CGCEO) and Department of Geography, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823, USAc Hunan Academy of Forestry, Chang...
发布时间: 2015 - 09 - 15
浏览次数:41
HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING FOR DETECTION OF RHIZOCTONIA CROWN AND ROOT ROT IN SUGARBEETGregory J. Reynolds1, Carol E. Windels2, Ian V. MacRae3, and Soizik Laguette4Graduate Student, Professor, Associate Professor, and Assistant Professor, respectively1University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Pathology, St. Paul2University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Pathology and Northwest Research & Outreach Center, Crookston3University of Minnesota, Department of Entomology and Northwest Research & Outreach Center, Crookston4University of North Dakota, Department of Earth System Science a...
发布时间: 2015 - 08 - 11
浏览次数:43
DETECTION OF SUGARCANE AFRICAN STALK BORER ELDANASACCHARINA WALKER (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE) USINGHYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING (SPECTRORADIOMETRY)应用ASD地物光谱仪检测蛀虫ELDANA SACCHARINA(鳞翅目:螟蛾科)对非洲甘蔗茎部的危害程度MOKHELE TA1, AHMED F1 and CONLONG DE2,31School of Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 4041, South Africa2South African Sugarcane Research Institute, Private Bag X02, Mount Edgecombe 4300, South Africa3School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209, South AfricaAbstractThe South African sugar industry i...
发布时间: 2015 - 08 - 06
浏览次数:60
LGR氧化亚氮同位素分析仪测量水中硝酸盐成功案例:Analytical Chemistry 文章:Combining Denitrifying Bacteria and Laser Spectroscopy for Isotopic Analyses (δ15N, δ18O) of Dissolved Nitrate通过反硝化细菌和激光同位素分析仪测定溶解硝酸盐中的δ15N和δ18ODavid X. Soto *†, Geoff Koehler †, and Keith A. Hobson †† Environment Canada, 11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N 3H5AbstractWe present a novel approach for nitrogen (δ15N) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic analysis of nitrate in water based on the isotopic analysis of N2O produced from the conversion of NO3– by cultured denitrifying bacteria and off-axis integrated cavity output ...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 21
浏览次数:57
Nature 发表文章:In-situ unsaturated zone stable water isotope (2H and 18O) measurements in semi-arid environments using tunable o-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy科学家应用LGR液态水同位素分析仪在半干旱环境下原位测量不饱和带水中2H和18O同位素比值M. Gaj1,2,  M. Beyer1,  P. Koeniger1,  H. Wanke3,  J. Hamutoko3,  and T. Himmelsbach11 Federal Institue for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Stilleweg 2, Hannover, Germany2 Chair of Hydrology, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Freiburg, Fahnenbergplatz, 79098 Freiburg, Germany3Universit...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 07
浏览次数:41
Inter- and intraindividual correlations of background abundances of 2H, 18O and 17O in human urine and implications for DLW measurements科学家应用LGR同位素分析仪测定人体尿液中的2H,18O和17O丰度间的相互作用对DLW测量方法的影响E S F Berman, E L Melanson, T Swibas, S P Snaith and J R SpeakmanBackground/Objectives:The method of choice for measuring total energy expenditure in free-living individuals is the doubly labeled water (DLW) method. This experiment examined the behavior of natural background isotope abundance fluctuations within and between individuals over time to assess possible methods of accounting for varia...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 01
浏览次数:32
科学家应用Campbell CPEC200闭路涡动相关系统测量森林碳封存Canada: Forest Carbon SequestrationCampbell Scientific CPEC200 monitors eddy-covariance fluxes in British Columbia forest 文章下载地址:79canada-vancouver-island--CPEC200.pdf4da92e4cbee3e5c7273825cef11d6136.pdf (2.84 MB)
发布时间: 2015 - 05 - 19
浏览次数:42
Field Spectroscopy in the VNIR-SWIR Region to Discriminate between Mediterranean Native Plants and Exotic-Invasive Shrubs Based on Leaf Tannin Content      基于可见光近红外(VNIR)和短波红外(SWIR),科学家应用ASD地物光谱仪测量叶片单宁的含量,从而区分地中海附近海岸的本土植物和外来入侵灌木。Authors: Jan Rudolf Karl Lehmann, André Große-Stoltenberg, Meike Römer and Jens OldelandAbstract: The invasive shrub, Acacia longifolia, native to southeastern Australia, has a negative impact on vegetation and ecosystem functioning in Portuguese dune ecosystems. In order to spectrally discriminate A. longifoliafrom oth...
发布时间: 2015 - 05 - 12
浏览次数:113
科学家应用LGR氨气分析仪快速原位机载测量空气中氨气的含量Fast in situ Airborne Measurement of AmmoniaUsing a Mid-Infrared Off-Axis ICOS Spectrometer科学家应用LGR氨气分析仪快速原位机载测量空气中氨气的含量,这可以帮助我们更好的分析大气的成分和气溶胶的组成,具有深远的意义。J. Brian Leen,†,* Xiao-Ying Yu,‡,* Manish Gupta,† Douglas S. Baer,† John M. Hubbe,‡ Celine D.Kluzek, ‡ Jason M. Tomlinson,‡ and Mike R. Hubbell II‡†Los Gatos Research Inc., 67 E. Evelyn Ave, Suite 3, Mountain View, CA 94041‡Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Boulevard, Richland, WA 99352ABSTRACT:A new ammonia (NH3) analyzer was developed based on off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy...
发布时间: 2015 - 03 - 17
浏览次数:38
The relative role of soil type and tree cover on water storageand transmission in northern headwater catchments科学家应用LGR液态水同位素分析仪在北部水源集中区域监测土壤类型与植被覆盖类型对水的存储和传输的影响Josie Geris,1* Doerthe Tetzlaff,1 Jeffrey McDonnell1,2 and Chris Soulsby11 Northern Rivers Institute, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK2 Global Institute for Water Security, National Hydrology Research Centre, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada Abstract:Soil water storage and stable isotopes dynamics were investigated in dominant soil–vegetation assemblages of a wet nor...
发布时间: 2015 - 02 - 26
浏览次数:42
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