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改进积雪密度的估计是目前雪研究的一个关键问题。表征密度时空变异性对于水当量的估算、水力发电和自然灾害(雪崩洪水等)的评估至关重要。高光谱成像是一种监测和估计其物理特性的有前途且可靠的工具。事实上,雪的光谱反射率在一定程度上受其物理特性变化的控制,尤其是在光谱的近红外(NIR)部分。为此,已经设计了几种模型根据光谱信息估算积雪密度。然而,还没有一个实现满意的结果。主要困难之一是积雪密度和光谱反射率之间的关系是非双射的(满射的)。事实上,几个反射振幅与相同的密度相关,反之亦然,所以密度和光谱反射率之间的相关性可能非常弱。基于此,为了解决该问题,本研究中提出了基于光谱数据的积雪密度估计混合模型。主要研究目标是利用高光谱NIR成像(PIKA NIR,RESONON Company)(900-1700 nm)以5.5 nm的光谱分辨率测试混合模型(HM)估计季节性积雪密度的性能。混合模型结合了一个分类器和3个与密度类别相关联的特定估算量(弱到中度变质雪(WMM),中度到高度变质雪(MHM)和高度到极高度变质雪(HVM))。利用2018(1.19-3.27)、2019(1.10-4.3)和2020(1.29-3.10)年冬季在加拿大魁北克国立科学研究院(INRS)的科技园内(46°47′43.22″北纬,-71°18′10″西经)收集的数据集校准和验证了HM。混合模型在两个水平进行评估:利用留一法交叉验证(LOOCV)算法和系统划分验证技术(SSV)。LOOCV技术用于评估3个特定估算量,SSV数据用于评估HM性能。4个统计评估指标(决定系数(R2),均方根误差(RMSE),偏差(BIAS)和纳什系数(NASH))用于评估模型的性能。 加拿大魁北克采样区地理位置。高光谱成像系统。(a)雪样垂直剖面的高光谱采集;(b)积雪垂直地层空间转换的假彩色RGB图像。...
发布时间: 2022 - 01 - 24
浏览次数:10
UNSW researchers have used a new water-tracing technology in the Sydney Basin for the first time to determine how groundwater moves in the different layers of rock below the surface.新南威尔士大学(UNSW)研究人员在悉尼盆地首次应用新的水源示踪技术监测地表下不同岩层下的地下水运动 http://newsroom.unsw.edu.au/news/science-tech/new-water-tracing-technology-help-protect-sydney-basin-groundwater
发布时间: 2016 - 01 - 15
浏览次数:29
LGR的二氧化碳同位素分析仪帮助中国科学院的科学家监测“新鲜有机物的质量对土壤有机物的启动和微生物底物利用率模式的影响” Quality of fresh organic matter affects priming of soil organic matter and substrate utilization patterns of microbesHui Wang1, 2 , Thomas W. Boutton3 , Wenhua Xu1 , Guoqing Hu1, 2 , Ping Jiang1 , Edith Bai1 AbstractChanges in biogeochemical cycles and the climate system due to human activities are expected to change the quantity and quality of plant litter inputs to soils. How changing quality of fresh organic matter (FOM) might influence the priming effect (PE) o...
发布时间: 2015 - 10 - 16
浏览次数:56
Rapid, Online Quantification of H2S in JP-8 Fuel Reformate Using Near-Infrared Cavity-Enhanced Laser Absorption Spectroscopy应用LGR激光痕量气体分析仪快速在线量化JP-8(特级航空材料)中的H2SFeng Dong†, Christian Junaedi‡, Subir Roychoudhury‡, and Manish Gupta*†† Los Gatos Research, 67 East Evelyn Avenue, Suite 3, Mountain View, California 94041, United States‡ Precision Combustion, Inc., 410 Sackett Point Road, North Haven, Connecticut 06473, United StatesAnal. Chem., 2011, 83 (11), pp 4132–4136DOI: 10.1021/ac200300tPublication Date (Web): May 3, 2011Copyright © 2011 American Chemical SocietyAbstractOn...
发布时间: 2015 - 10 - 10
浏览次数:60
Ecosystem carbon (CO2 and CH4) fluxes of a Populus dettoides plantationin subtropical China during and post clear-cutting Shenghua Gao a, Jiquan Chen b, Yuxi Tang c, Jing Xie d, Rui Zhang e, Jie Tang c, Xudong Zhang a,*a State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and Breeding, Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, Chinab Center for Global Change and Earth Observations (CGCEO) and Department of Geography, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823, USAc Hunan Academy of Forestry, Chang...
发布时间: 2015 - 09 - 15
浏览次数:41
HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING FOR DETECTION OF RHIZOCTONIA CROWN AND ROOT ROT IN SUGARBEETGregory J. Reynolds1, Carol E. Windels2, Ian V. MacRae3, and Soizik Laguette4Graduate Student, Professor, Associate Professor, and Assistant Professor, respectively1University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Pathology, St. Paul2University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Pathology and Northwest Research & Outreach Center, Crookston3University of Minnesota, Department of Entomology and Northwest Research & Outreach Center, Crookston4University of North Dakota, Department of Earth System Science a...
发布时间: 2015 - 08 - 11
浏览次数:43
DETECTION OF SUGARCANE AFRICAN STALK BORER ELDANASACCHARINA WALKER (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE) USINGHYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING (SPECTRORADIOMETRY)应用ASD地物光谱仪检测蛀虫ELDANA SACCHARINA(鳞翅目:螟蛾科)对非洲甘蔗茎部的危害程度MOKHELE TA1, AHMED F1 and CONLONG DE2,31School of Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 4041, South Africa2South African Sugarcane Research Institute, Private Bag X02, Mount Edgecombe 4300, South Africa3School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209, South AfricaAbstractThe South African sugar industry i...
发布时间: 2015 - 08 - 06
浏览次数:60
LGR氧化亚氮同位素分析仪测量水中硝酸盐成功案例:Analytical Chemistry 文章:Combining Denitrifying Bacteria and Laser Spectroscopy for Isotopic Analyses (δ15N, δ18O) of Dissolved Nitrate通过反硝化细菌和激光同位素分析仪测定溶解硝酸盐中的δ15N和δ18ODavid X. Soto *†, Geoff Koehler †, and Keith A. Hobson †† Environment Canada, 11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N 3H5AbstractWe present a novel approach for nitrogen (δ15N) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic analysis of nitrate in water based on the isotopic analysis of N2O produced from the conversion of NO3– by cultured denitrifying bacteria and off-axis integrated cavity output ...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 21
浏览次数:57
Nature 发表文章:In-situ unsaturated zone stable water isotope (2H and 18O) measurements in semi-arid environments using tunable o-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy科学家应用LGR液态水同位素分析仪在半干旱环境下原位测量不饱和带水中2H和18O同位素比值M. Gaj1,2,  M. Beyer1,  P. Koeniger1,  H. Wanke3,  J. Hamutoko3,  and T. Himmelsbach11 Federal Institue for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Stilleweg 2, Hannover, Germany2 Chair of Hydrology, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Freiburg, Fahnenbergplatz, 79098 Freiburg, Germany3Universit...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 07
浏览次数:41
Inter- and intraindividual correlations of background abundances of 2H, 18O and 17O in human urine and implications for DLW measurements科学家应用LGR同位素分析仪测定人体尿液中的2H,18O和17O丰度间的相互作用对DLW测量方法的影响E S F Berman, E L Melanson, T Swibas, S P Snaith and J R SpeakmanBackground/Objectives:The method of choice for measuring total energy expenditure in free-living individuals is the doubly labeled water (DLW) method. This experiment examined the behavior of natural background isotope abundance fluctuations within and between individuals over time to assess possible methods of accounting for varia...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 01
浏览次数:32
科学家应用Campbell CPEC200闭路涡动相关系统测量森林碳封存Canada: Forest Carbon SequestrationCampbell Scientific CPEC200 monitors eddy-covariance fluxes in British Columbia forest 文章下载地址:79canada-vancouver-island--CPEC200.pdf4da92e4cbee3e5c7273825cef11d6136.pdf (2.84 MB)
发布时间: 2015 - 05 - 19
浏览次数:42
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