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全球变暖增加了当地大气对水分的需求,导致许多地区降水减少,两者都会导致干旱。水汽可以在辐射冷却到露点温度以下的表面凝结成露水。露水因其对地表水平衡的重要贡献而被认为是一个重要水源,尤其是在半干旱和干旱地区。干旱地区,年露水量占降雨量的9%-23%。在热带岛屿旱季,露水可以作为一种替代水源。露水对干旱地区或干旱期植物的生存、生长和发育十分重要,例如带来夜间水分以及通过植物气孔或特殊的物理特征(如气生植物)直接被叶片吸收利用。因此,露水可以增加叶片的净光合产物积累,提高植物水分利用效率。露水还参与了大气中的化学过程,例如亚硝酸盐氧化物的昼夜(和夜间)循环。从1961-2010,中国露水频率降低了5.2天/10年,这主要是因为近地表增温和相对湿度(RH)下降。此外,中国干旱区露水频率下降率(50%)高于半湿润和湿润地区(40%和28%)。因此,随着全球气候变化,不同地区露水具有不同的趋势,需了解不同气候区域的露水特征以更好地预测未来露水动态变化。δ2H和δ18O是天然和传统的水文示踪剂,在追踪与不同类型水(例如降雨、降雪、露水、雾、地表水、植物水和冰芯)相关的不同水文气象过程中发挥着重要作用。两种质量分馏过程,平衡分馏和动力学分馏,是水相变过程中同位素差异的根本原因。它们分别由饱和水汽压和不同同位素的扩散速率决定。17O-excess(17O-excess = ln(δ17O + 1)-0.528×ln (δ18O + 1)),作为一种新的示踪剂,可用来提供有关水分输送、降雨和蒸发的额外限制,以探测水文和气象过程。与传统的依赖于温度和RH的同位素相比,17O-excess主要对10-45℃的RH敏感。δ′18O(δ′18O = 1000×ln(δ18O + 1))和 δ′17O(δ′17O = 1000×ln (δ17O + 1))之间的关系可用来更...
发布时间: 2022 - 05 - 16
浏览次数:4
LGR的二氧化碳同位素分析仪帮助中国科学院的科学家监测“新鲜有机物的质量对土壤有机物的启动和微生物底物利用率模式的影响” Quality of fresh organic matter affects priming of soil organic matter and substrate utilization patterns of microbesHui Wang1, 2 , Thomas W. Boutton3 , Wenhua Xu1 , Guoqing Hu1, 2 , Ping Jiang1 , Edith Bai1 AbstractChanges in biogeochemical cycles and the climate system due to human activities are expected to change the quantity and quality of plant litter inputs to soils. How changing quality of fresh organic matter (FOM) might influence the priming effect (PE) o...
发布时间: 2015 - 10 - 16
浏览次数:58
Rapid, Online Quantification of H2S in JP-8 Fuel Reformate Using Near-Infrared Cavity-Enhanced Laser Absorption Spectroscopy应用LGR激光痕量气体分析仪快速在线量化JP-8(特级航空材料)中的H2SFeng Dong†, Christian Junaedi‡, Subir Roychoudhury‡, and Manish Gupta*†† Los Gatos Research, 67 East Evelyn Avenue, Suite 3, Mountain View, California 94041, United States‡ Precision Combustion, Inc., 410 Sackett Point Road, North Haven, Connecticut 06473, United StatesAnal. Chem., 2011, 83 (11), pp 4132–4136DOI: 10.1021/ac200300tPublication Date (Web): May 3, 2011Copyright © 2011 American Chemical SocietyAbstractOn...
发布时间: 2015 - 10 - 10
浏览次数:61
Ecosystem carbon (CO2 and CH4) fluxes of a Populus dettoides plantationin subtropical China during and post clear-cutting Shenghua Gao a, Jiquan Chen b, Yuxi Tang c, Jing Xie d, Rui Zhang e, Jie Tang c, Xudong Zhang a,*a State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and Breeding, Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, Chinab Center for Global Change and Earth Observations (CGCEO) and Department of Geography, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823, USAc Hunan Academy of Forestry, Chang...
发布时间: 2015 - 09 - 15
浏览次数:41
HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING FOR DETECTION OF RHIZOCTONIA CROWN AND ROOT ROT IN SUGARBEETGregory J. Reynolds1, Carol E. Windels2, Ian V. MacRae3, and Soizik Laguette4Graduate Student, Professor, Associate Professor, and Assistant Professor, respectively1University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Pathology, St. Paul2University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Pathology and Northwest Research & Outreach Center, Crookston3University of Minnesota, Department of Entomology and Northwest Research & Outreach Center, Crookston4University of North Dakota, Department of Earth System Science a...
发布时间: 2015 - 08 - 11
浏览次数:44
DETECTION OF SUGARCANE AFRICAN STALK BORER ELDANASACCHARINA WALKER (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE) USINGHYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING (SPECTRORADIOMETRY)应用ASD地物光谱仪检测蛀虫ELDANA SACCHARINA(鳞翅目:螟蛾科)对非洲甘蔗茎部的危害程度MOKHELE TA1, AHMED F1 and CONLONG DE2,31School of Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 4041, South Africa2South African Sugarcane Research Institute, Private Bag X02, Mount Edgecombe 4300, South Africa3School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209, South AfricaAbstractThe South African sugar industry i...
发布时间: 2015 - 08 - 06
浏览次数:61
LGR氧化亚氮同位素分析仪测量水中硝酸盐成功案例:Analytical Chemistry 文章:Combining Denitrifying Bacteria and Laser Spectroscopy for Isotopic Analyses (δ15N, δ18O) of Dissolved Nitrate通过反硝化细菌和激光同位素分析仪测定溶解硝酸盐中的δ15N和δ18ODavid X. Soto *†, Geoff Koehler †, and Keith A. Hobson †† Environment Canada, 11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N 3H5AbstractWe present a novel approach for nitrogen (δ15N) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic analysis of nitrate in water based on the isotopic analysis of N2O produced from the conversion of NO3– by cultured denitrifying bacteria and off-axis integrated cavity output ...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 21
浏览次数:57
Nature 发表文章:In-situ unsaturated zone stable water isotope (2H and 18O) measurements in semi-arid environments using tunable o-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy科学家应用LGR液态水同位素分析仪在半干旱环境下原位测量不饱和带水中2H和18O同位素比值M. Gaj1,2,  M. Beyer1,  P. Koeniger1,  H. Wanke3,  J. Hamutoko3,  and T. Himmelsbach11 Federal Institue for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Stilleweg 2, Hannover, Germany2 Chair of Hydrology, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Freiburg, Fahnenbergplatz, 79098 Freiburg, Germany3Universit...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 07
浏览次数:41
Inter- and intraindividual correlations of background abundances of 2H, 18O and 17O in human urine and implications for DLW measurements科学家应用LGR同位素分析仪测定人体尿液中的2H,18O和17O丰度间的相互作用对DLW测量方法的影响E S F Berman, E L Melanson, T Swibas, S P Snaith and J R SpeakmanBackground/Objectives:The method of choice for measuring total energy expenditure in free-living individuals is the doubly labeled water (DLW) method. This experiment examined the behavior of natural background isotope abundance fluctuations within and between individuals over time to assess possible methods of accounting for varia...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 01
浏览次数:32
科学家应用Campbell CPEC200闭路涡动相关系统测量森林碳封存Canada: Forest Carbon SequestrationCampbell Scientific CPEC200 monitors eddy-covariance fluxes in British Columbia forest 文章下载地址:79canada-vancouver-island--CPEC200.pdf4da92e4cbee3e5c7273825cef11d6136.pdf (2.84 MB)
发布时间: 2015 - 05 - 19
浏览次数:45
Field Spectroscopy in the VNIR-SWIR Region to Discriminate between Mediterranean Native Plants and Exotic-Invasive Shrubs Based on Leaf Tannin Content      基于可见光近红外(VNIR)和短波红外(SWIR),科学家应用ASD地物光谱仪测量叶片单宁的含量,从而区分地中海附近海岸的本土植物和外来入侵灌木。Authors: Jan Rudolf Karl Lehmann, André Große-Stoltenberg, Meike Römer and Jens OldelandAbstract: The invasive shrub, Acacia longifolia, native to southeastern Australia, has a negative impact on vegetation and ecosystem functioning in Portuguese dune ecosystems. In order to spectrally discriminate A. longifoliafrom oth...
发布时间: 2015 - 05 - 12
浏览次数:114
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