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【摘要】森林的长期生产力和固碳能力受气候变化影响,已成为全球关注的问题。本研究中,我们提供了一种简单且无损的方法来研究多时间尺度上树木CO2同化率。这种新的方法结合了树干液流和稳定碳同位素分辨率以估算碳同化率。我们通过分析变异性并进行配对样本t检验,比较了气体交换测量和新方法测得的CO2同化率,以验证其准确性和适用性。气体交换和同位素测量都表明早晨CO2同化率高于下午,峰值在10-11 am左右出现,可能是由于夜间的水储存和早晨的高气孔导度。侧柏日,月,年尺度上CO2同化率的变异性与供水条件有关。与以往的研究相比,我们利用稳定碳同位素分辨率(Δ13C)和树干液流测量估算的年CO2同化率的结果与传统方法结果相一致。侧柏对供水可以有效的响应,这就解释了为什么它可以很好地适应半干旱区环境。估算CO2同化率的新方法是准确的,且适用于北京周边的半干旱地区。【研究区域】位于燕山鹫峰国家森林生态系统研究站(NFERS,40°03′N,116°05′E)。【碳同位素测定】利用碳同位素分析仪(CCIA-36d-EP,LGR)结合廓线系统进行长期野外观测。研究区域的地理位置(a)研究区域2013年-2016年三个土壤深度(30cm,60cm和90cm)的月土壤含水量(SWC);(b)月降水量(P)和平均气温(Ta);(c)月平均饱和水汽压差(VPD)和光合有效辐射(PAR)。(a)16个树木样品的月平均林分蒸腾(Ts),误差线表示标准偏差;(b)每个样品的月林分蒸腾。TDP系统每月测得的树木每小时平均蒸腾值(Th)。负数的绝对值表示生长在阴坡的8棵树的平均蒸腾量,而正值表示生长在阳坡的8棵树的平均蒸腾量。阳坡和阴坡树木的月δ13Cls。每个点表示每月代表日(2天)的平均δ13Cls。误差线表示平均值的标准误差。Th和叶片δ13Cls估算的每个月树木每小时平均CO2同化率(A...
发布时间: 2020 - 09 - 11
浏览次数:4
HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING FOR DETECTION OF RHIZOCTONIA CROWN AND ROOT ROT IN SUGARBEETGregory J. Reynolds1, Carol E. Windels2, Ian V. MacRae3, and Soizik Laguette4Graduate Student, Professor, Associate Professor, and Assistant Professor, respectively1University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Pathology, St. Paul2University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Pathology and Northwest Research & Outreach Center, Crookston3University of Minnesota, Department of Entomology and Northwest Research & Outreach Center, Crookston4University of North Dakota, Department of Earth System Science a...
发布时间: 2015 - 08 - 11
浏览次数:35
DETECTION OF SUGARCANE AFRICAN STALK BORER ELDANASACCHARINA WALKER (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE) USINGHYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING (SPECTRORADIOMETRY)应用ASD地物光谱仪检测蛀虫ELDANA SACCHARINA(鳞翅目:螟蛾科)对非洲甘蔗茎部的危害程度MOKHELE TA1, AHMED F1 and CONLONG DE2,31School of Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 4041, South Africa2South African Sugarcane Research Institute, Private Bag X02, Mount Edgecombe 4300, South Africa3School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209, South AfricaAbstractThe South African sugar industry i...
发布时间: 2015 - 08 - 06
浏览次数:40
LGR氧化亚氮同位素分析仪测量水中硝酸盐成功案例:Analytical Chemistry 文章:Combining Denitrifying Bacteria and Laser Spectroscopy for Isotopic Analyses (δ15N, δ18O) of Dissolved Nitrate通过反硝化细菌和激光同位素分析仪测定溶解硝酸盐中的δ15N和δ18ODavid X. Soto *†, Geoff Koehler †, and Keith A. Hobson †† Environment Canada, 11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N 3H5AbstractWe present a novel approach for nitrogen (δ15N) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic analysis of nitrate in water based on the isotopic analysis of N2O produced from the conversion of NO3– by cultured denitrifying bacteria and off-axis integrated cavity output ...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 21
浏览次数:48
Nature 发表文章:In-situ unsaturated zone stable water isotope (2H and 18O) measurements in semi-arid environments using tunable o-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy科学家应用LGR液态水同位素分析仪在半干旱环境下原位测量不饱和带水中2H和18O同位素比值M. Gaj1,2,  M. Beyer1,  P. Koeniger1,  H. Wanke3,  J. Hamutoko3,  and T. Himmelsbach11 Federal Institue for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Stilleweg 2, Hannover, Germany2 Chair of Hydrology, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Freiburg, Fahnenbergplatz, 79098 Freiburg, Germany3Universit...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 07
浏览次数:27
Inter- and intraindividual correlations of background abundances of 2H, 18O and 17O in human urine and implications for DLW measurements科学家应用LGR同位素分析仪测定人体尿液中的2H,18O和17O丰度间的相互作用对DLW测量方法的影响E S F Berman, E L Melanson, T Swibas, S P Snaith and J R SpeakmanBackground/Objectives:The method of choice for measuring total energy expenditure in free-living individuals is the doubly labeled water (DLW) method. This experiment examined the behavior of natural background isotope abundance fluctuations within and between individuals over time to assess possible methods of accounting for varia...
发布时间: 2015 - 07 - 01
浏览次数:27
科学家应用Campbell CPEC200闭路涡动相关系统测量森林碳封存Canada: Forest Carbon SequestrationCampbell Scientific CPEC200 monitors eddy-covariance fluxes in British Columbia forest 文章下载地址:79canada-vancouver-island--CPEC200.pdf4da92e4cbee3e5c7273825cef11d6136.pdf (2.84 MB)
发布时间: 2015 - 05 - 19
浏览次数:33
Field Spectroscopy in the VNIR-SWIR Region to Discriminate between Mediterranean Native Plants and Exotic-Invasive Shrubs Based on Leaf Tannin Content      基于可见光近红外(VNIR)和短波红外(SWIR),科学家应用ASD地物光谱仪测量叶片单宁的含量,从而区分地中海附近海岸的本土植物和外来入侵灌木。Authors: Jan Rudolf Karl Lehmann, André Große-Stoltenberg, Meike Römer and Jens OldelandAbstract: The invasive shrub, Acacia longifolia, native to southeastern Australia, has a negative impact on vegetation and ecosystem functioning in Portuguese dune ecosystems. In order to spectrally discriminate A. longifoliafrom oth...
发布时间: 2015 - 05 - 12
浏览次数:106
科学家应用LGR氨气分析仪快速原位机载测量空气中氨气的含量Fast in situ Airborne Measurement of AmmoniaUsing a Mid-Infrared Off-Axis ICOS Spectrometer科学家应用LGR氨气分析仪快速原位机载测量空气中氨气的含量,这可以帮助我们更好的分析大气的成分和气溶胶的组成,具有深远的意义。J. Brian Leen,†,* Xiao-Ying Yu,‡,* Manish Gupta,† Douglas S. Baer,† John M. Hubbe,‡ Celine D.Kluzek, ‡ Jason M. Tomlinson,‡ and Mike R. Hubbell II‡†Los Gatos Research Inc., 67 E. Evelyn Ave, Suite 3, Mountain View, CA 94041‡Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Boulevard, Richland, WA 99352ABSTRACT:A new ammonia (NH3) analyzer was developed based on off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy...
发布时间: 2015 - 03 - 17
浏览次数:29
The relative role of soil type and tree cover on water storageand transmission in northern headwater catchments科学家应用LGR液态水同位素分析仪在北部水源集中区域监测土壤类型与植被覆盖类型对水的存储和传输的影响Josie Geris,1* Doerthe Tetzlaff,1 Jeffrey McDonnell1,2 and Chris Soulsby11 Northern Rivers Institute, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK2 Global Institute for Water Security, National Hydrology Research Centre, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada Abstract:Soil water storage and stable isotopes dynamics were investigated in dominant soil–vegetation assemblages of a wet nor...
发布时间: 2015 - 02 - 26
浏览次数:32
科学家应用LGR液态水同位素分析仪做同位素示踪研究,研究证明,重碳酸盐的修正可以提高被铀污染的含水层的生物还原修复能力。Bicarbonate impact on U(VI) bioreduction in a shallow alluvial aquiferPhilip E. Longa , Kenneth H. Williamsa, James A. Davisa, Patricia M. Foxa, Michael J. Wilkinsb, 1,Steven B. Yabusakib, Yilin Fangb, Scott R. Waichlerb, Elena S.F. Bermanc, Manish Guptac, Darrell P. Chandlerd, Chris Murrayb, Aaron D. Peacocke, Ludovic Giloteauxf, Kim M. Handleyg, 2, Derek R. Lovleyh,Jillian F. Banfieldg a Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Ber...
发布时间: 2015 - 02 - 04
浏览次数:28
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